US Army Infantry – A Glorious Journey
US army infantry is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and is responsible for land-based operations. Designated as the army of the United States in the US constitution, it is one of the seven uniformed services in the country and owes its origin to the American War of Independence.
History of the US Army Infantry:
His Majesty’s First Independent Company of the American Rangers was the first unit of US army infantry founded in 1747. However, its baptism of fire came during the American War of Independence where it developed small ambush techniques against the British Army. In 1775, Congress passed the law of raising 10 battalions of the army and George Washington was named its commander- in-chief.
US army infantry also saw fought against the native Red Indians and drove them from their native lands into the reservation. The US Military Academy was established in 1802 at West Point, New York. The army fought for the first time beyond the national frontiers in 1846 and Navajo lands came under the rule of the US government. After the Civil War, Grant became the first soldier to hold the rank of general.
US Army Infantry fought in the First and Second World Wars and lost more than 50,000 soldiers in both wars. After the severe setback in Vietnam, US Army Infantry again gained its momentum during the invasion of Panama in 1989 and Gulf War in 1991. Currently, the US Army Infantry is involved in operations against Islamic extremists in Afghanistan.
Command and Structure of US Army Infantry:
The U.S Army Infantry is made of three parts: active, reserve and National Guards. Its operational units are organized into theatre army, field army (3-5 Corps), Corps (3-5 Divisions), Division (3 Brigades), Brigade (more than 3 battalions), Battalion (more than 3 companies), company (3 to 4 platoon), Platoon (3 to 4 Square). Square is the smallest unit of the US Army Infantry.
Bureaucratic Elements of US Army Infantry:
United States army is a part of the Department of Army which works under the Department of Defence. It is headed by the Chief of Army Staff, a senior civil servant and Secretary. In the fiscal year 2014, the strength of the regular army was 5,45,000, the National Guards 3,60,000 and Reserve 2,10,000.
The aim of the army is to serve and protect the country by fighting and winning the nation’s wars by acquiring dominance across the full range of military operation and in its 250 years history, the army has never looked back and been successful in its endeavour.